Do not kill (November 1942)
In this pastoral message, the Metropolitan denied the right of the state authorities to take human lives: "It means that the foundation of every social system, after accepting and honouring authority, must be undisturbed sanctity of human life." These words were a challenge to Bolshevism and Nazism.
The Metropolitan believed that no political circumstances can justify murder: "In a strange way they deceive themselves and others not to consider political assassination to be a sin, as if politics could release a man from the obligation of God's law and justify crime contrary to human nature.
That's not the case. A Christian is obligated to obey God's law not only in private life but also in political and social life."
The Metropolitan condemned the criminal and immoral actions of the leaders of Germany and the USSR: "Although the Church did not protest against the state’s right in some cases to punish people with death, it is nonetheless necessary to limit that right to cases where capital punishment corresponds to the significance of crime, when the crime is proven, when the offender has a possibility of defence to appeal to the supreme and highest authority and time for the Christian preparation for death.
Failure to meet these demands resists both the natural and God's law.”