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Appointed on Bishop and Archbishop throne

The Roman throne chose, and the Emperor of Austria-Hungary appointed, A. Sheptytsky, a young Basilian, to be the Bishop of Stanislaviv in 1899 and then, in 1900, as the Archbishop of Lviv. Polish society met the appointment without enthusiasm, and the Ukrainian side was wary.

Sheptytsky wrote about this situation: "Being born to a wealthy family of the Latin rite, ... having received Polish education ... I, from the very beginning of my episcopacy, had to fight with the prejudices of Ukrainians. To deal with the prejudices and antipathies with which they accepted me, I had only one way out: Christian love to our neighbour and love for the Catholic cause, which I gave all my life to the holy Unia."